Mr Patryk Czulno

Mr Patryk Czulno

Mr Patryk Czulno
Assistant Teacher

11 Priory Road, Clifton, Bristol
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School of Sociology, Politics and International Studies

Personal profile

PhD in Politics from the University of Bristol, under the supervision of Dr Magnus Feldmann and Professor Ana E Juncos Garcia;
The University of Bristol Postgraduate Scholarship;
BA and MA in Political Science from the University of Vienna, both with Distinction;
Erasmus Scholarship at Erasmus University Rotterdam;
Research visits at the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs, the German Association for East European Studies, Collegium Civitas, the University of Warsaw, Rzeszów University of Technology;
Internships with diplomatic institutions in Vienna


My main research interests encompass International Relations and European Studies, with a focus on interdisciplinary approaches intersecting the theories of European Integration and the concept of Europeanisation with the theories of International Relations. I am particularly interested in studying the relevance of the EU integration processes for relations between member states in the foreign policy realm. My research questions also refer to the geopolitical and realist challenges to EU-induced, liberal and constructivist foreign policy-making, mainly with respect to the understanding of their different logics and factors (such as those ensuing from the recent security crisis in Eastern Europe and from the normative dimension of the EU) behind the intergovernmental processes of decision-making. Regarding case studies, I am interested in Central and Central-Eastern European politics, with a focus on Germany’s and Poland’s foreign, mainly Eastern, policy concepts and their contemporary processes, as well as their integration within the EU. I also study the foreign and Eastern policies of other countries in this region and of the EU as a whole.

My PhD research has examined the Europeanisation of Polish-German relations regarding Eastern policy. It has explained whether, how and why the countries’ integration within Common Foreign and Security Policy shaped their bilateral influences or concessions in their single Eastern policy issues, even in spite of the divergences between their traditional Eastern policy interests. Theoretically, my PhD has developed the under-researched model of Europeanisation, the one of cross-loading; it has also put forward a rational institutionalist explanation of this model, as well as it has borrowed from a broader model of the politics of scale. Thus, the thesis has identified 'strategic socialisation' and 'experiential learning' within the CFSP as two key causal mechanisms explaining bilateral consensus-building between Poland's and Germany's diplomatic services, resulting in bilateral 'policy transfers' on their Eastern policies. The thesis has explained these processes with the countries’ intentions to maximise the 'strategic' and 'legitimising usage' of the EU in their own strategic interests, whereby the countries sought to achieve a 'politics of scale' through recognising each other’s power capabilities within the EU.

Empirically, my PhD thesis has explained that in result of Poland’s and Germany’s parallel interests in common EU Eastern policies, Germany was able to influence Poland towards a more cooperative Russia policy before 2014, as well as it urged Poland to abandon an EU enlargement policy towards Ukraine; meanwhile, Poland convinced Germany of the reformed Eastern Partnership, and it played a (limited) role in Germany’s criticism of Russian aggressive foreign policy since 2014; both countries even influenced each other’s positions towards the EU sanction regime against Russia. However, their bilateral influences/concessions did not occur in the instances where Poland or Germany were weakly oriented towards common EU Eastern policy-making and, further, towards their bilateral consensus-building on this issue. For example, Poland has little influence over Germany in the recent negotiations on the Ukraine-Russia crisis, because the Normandy Format of these negotiations has limited the role of the CFSP institutions.


Since the academic year 2016/17, I have taught in the following seminars:

Theories of International Relations,
Cooperation and Integration in Europe,
Comparative Politics and Government,
BA Thesis Seminar International Relations

Fields of interest

International Relations; European Studies; Central and Eastern European politics; in addition: Civil Society; Political Philosophy; Political Psychology and Political Marketing

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