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Mr Antonio Ballell Mayoral

Mr Antonio Ballell Mayoral

Mr Antonio Ballell Mayoral

Area of research

Anatomy and function of the basal sauropodomorph dinosaur Thecodontosaurus antiquus (Supervisors: Prof Michael Benton, Prof Emily Rayfield and Dr Mark Puttick)

Senate House,
Tyndall Avenue, Clifton BS8 1TH
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Anatomy and function of the basal sauropodomorph dinosaur Thecodontosaurus antiquus
Sauropodomorpha are the clade of dinosaurs that includes the largest land animals that ever existed. From bipedal ancestors, derived sauropodomorphs evolved a quadrupedal stance and a highly specialized locomotion that enabled their enormous body sizes. Thecodontosaurus antiquus, from the Late Triassic of Europe, is among the earliest members of the clade and provides highly relevant information about the anatomy of these basal forms.
My PhD focuses on updating the osteology of Thecodontosaurus and reconstructing its limb musculature. The biomechanical behaviour of its limb bones will be analysed using various biomechanical techniques (including trabecular and finite element analyses) to infer its locomotion and stance. The functional characteristics of Thecodontosaurus will be put in a broader context to understand the early functional evolution and radiations of sauropodomorphs.


  • PhD in Palaeobiology, University of Bristol, 2018-present
  • MSc in Palaeobiology (Distinction), University of Bristol, 2017-2018
  • BSc (Hons) in Biology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), 2013-2017


Previous research experience:

  • Morphofunctional trends of feeding modes in Crocodylomorpha. MSc in Palaeobiology thesis, University of Bristol. Supervisors: Benjamin Moon, Laura Porro, Michael Benton and Emily Rayfield.
  • The crocodylomorph Montsecosuchus depereti from the Early Cretaceous of Iberia: phylogenetic analysis, adaptations and implications in the evolution of Neosuchia. BSc (Hons) in Biology dissertation, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Supervisors: Ángela Delgado Buscalioni and Francisco José Poyato-Ariza.



  • Evolution of Life and Earth
  • Palaeobiology


  • dinosaurs
  • sauropodomorphs
  • anatomy
  • biomechanics
  • locomotion
  • macroevolution
  • palaeobiology
  • Triassic



School of Earth Sciences

Postgraduate students

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Recent publications

View complete publications list in the University of Bristol publications system

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