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Publication - Mrs Rebecca John

    Space loss and crowding


    Ireland, A, McDonald, F, John, R & Sandy, J, 2017, ‘Space loss and crowding’. in: Orthodontic management of the developing dentition: an evidence-based guide. Springer International Publishing AG, pp. 21-32


    Crowding and spacing within the dental arches is largely under genetic control, but is affected by a number of local factors. This chapter describes these local factors, discusses how they can influence the development of the dentition and also describes the interceptive measures available to the orthodontist.

    Full details in the University publications repository