A multilevel analysis of school improvement: changes in schools’ performance over time
- School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 13:16, 1643-1655
An efficient procedure is described for specifying and estimating parameters of general mixed models that contain both hierarchical and crossed random factors. The approach, using a model formulated for purely hierarchical structured data, is illustrated for the continuous response linear model with extensions to generalized linear, nonlinear, and multivariate models.
- Number of levels
- Model data structure
- Response types
- Multivariate response model?
- Longitudinal data?
- Substantive discipline
Shows correlations between school effects over time. Impacts on interpretation of school effects and league tables in terms of predicting school performance.
- Paper submitted by
- Harvey Goldstein, Graduate School of Education, University of Bristol, email@example.com