What Makes a Bully a Cyberbully? Unravelling the Characteristics of Cyberbullies across Twenty-Five European Countries
- Journal of Children and Media, 1, 9-27
The characteristics of bullies who act face-to-face and those who do so in cyberspace were compared directly in one sample across twenty-five countries. The role of cross-country differences in technological infrastructure was also explored. Cyberbullies compared to face-to-face bullies were more likely to engage in risky online activities, spend more time online, and found it easier to be themselves online. Private access to the internet did not make a difference. Gender differences showed girls more likely to be cyber- than face-to-face bullies if they have a profile on a social networking site. Age and internet ability beliefs were also positively but not independently associated with cyberbullying. Cross-country differences were small and patterns remained mostly stable across countries, suggesting that individual and not country-level characteristics are pivotal in explaining cyberbullying.
- Number of levels
- Model data structure
- Response types
- Multivariate response model?
- Longitudinal data?
- Substantive discipline
Dec 2012: Roundtable discussion at Channel 4 - Heightening young people’s awareness to bullying and cyberbullying, Channel 4 Television, London, UK
Nov 2011: Roundtable discussion at ESRC Series - Vulnerable Selves, Disciplining Others / Seminar II: Cyberbullying, Birkbeck University of London, UK
- Paper submitted by
- Anke Görzig, Media & Communications, London School of Economics and Political Science, email@example.com