Fluctuating levels of personal role engagement

Luke Fletcher, Catherine Bailey, Mark Gilman
Human Resource Management Journal, online first, 1-20

In this diary study, we examined a theoretical model in which the
psychological conditions of meaningfulness, availability, and safety
serve as mechanisms through which the work context during discrete
situations within the workday influences “state” engagement. We
further theorised that a person's “trait” level of engagement would
exert cross‐level effects on the state level relationships. Multilevel
analyses based on a sample of 124 individuals in six organisations
and 1,446 situational observations revealed that meaningfulness and
availability (but not safety) mediated the relationships between
perceptions of the work context and state engagement. High levels
of trait engagement strengthened the within‐person relation between
availability and state engagement, yet weakened the within‐person
relation between meaningfulness and state engagement, suggesting
two different processes may be at play. Overall, the findings advance
our understanding of engagement as a multilevel and temporally
dynamic psychological phenomenon and promote a contextually
based HRM approach to facilitating engagement.

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Paper submitted by
Luke Fletcher, Work and Organisational Psychology Department, Aston University, l.fletcher1@aston.ac.uk
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