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Publication - Dr Margaritis Voliotis

    Information Transfer in Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Signaling

    Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (ERK)-Mediated Feedback Loops Control Hormone Sensing

    Citation

    Garner, KL, Perrett, RM, Voliotis, M, Bowsher, C, Pope, GR, Pham, T, Caunt, CJ, Tsaneva-Atanasova, K & McArdle, CA, 2016, ‘Information Transfer in Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Signaling: Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (ERK)-Mediated Feedback Loops Control Hormone Sensing’. Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol 291., pp. 2246-2259

    Abstract

    Cell signaling pathways are noisy communication channels and statistical measures derived from information theory can be used to quantify the information they transfer. Here we use single cell signaling measures to calculate mutual information (MI) as a measure of information transfer via gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptors (GnRHR) to extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) or nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT). This revealed MI values <1 Bit, implying that individual GnRH-responsive cells cannot unambiguously differentiate even two equally probable input concentrations. Addressing possible mechanisms for mitigation of information loss we focused on the ERK pathway and developed a stochastic activation model incorporating negative feedback and constitutive activity. Model simulations revealed interplay between fast (min) and slow (min-hr) negative feedback loops with maximal information transfer at intermediate feedback levels. Consistent with this, experiments revealed that reducing negative feedback (by expressing catalytically inactive ERK2) and increasing negative feedback (by Egr1-driven expression of dual-specificity phosphatase 5 (DUSP5)) both reduced information transfer from GnRHR to ERK. It was also reduced by blocking protein synthesis (in order to prevent GnRH from increasing DUSP expression) but did not differ for different GnRHR that do or do not undergo rapid homologous desensitization. Thus, the first statistical measures of information transfer via these receptors reveals that individual cells are unreliable sensors of GnRH concentration and that this reliability is maximal at intermediate levels of ERK-mediated negative feedback but is not influenced by receptor desensitization.

    Full details in the University publications repository